The expression “heart disease” suggests different types of heart conditions. The most well-known is coronary artery disease (CAD), which can cause cardiac arrest. Different sorts of heart disease and disorders are the disease of heart valves, issue identified with heart rhythm, heart failure and congenital heart disorders that is, individuals with inborn heart disorders.
What is the status of heart disease in India?
As indicated by WHO report, coronary illness is among the leading reason for death in India. It additionally impacts the most productive section of population aging 35-65 years. The danger of CAD in Indians is 3-4 times higher than White Americans, and 20-times higher than Japanese. Indians are inclined to CAD at a significantly more youthful age. The average age of initial heart attack in Indians is 53 years. Around 5%-10% of heart attacks happen in Indian people younger than 40 years.
Anybody, including kids, can be affected by heart disorders. CAD happens when a substance called plaque (cholesterol-rich) develops in your arteries. After some time the plaque causes narrowing of the arteries, affecting the bloodstream to the heart.
Smoking, unhealthy eating habits, stress, and sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of developing CAD. Having high cholesterol, hypertension/high blood pressure, or diabetes additionally adds to the risk.
What are the signs and indications?
The symptoms and early sign may differ according to the type of disease. Somebody suffering from a heart attack may show several symptoms which include:
- Chest heaviness or discomfort that doesn’t go away after a few minutes
- Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck, arms shoulder or back
- Shortness of breath
- Weakness, Lightheadedness
- Nausea (feeling sick to your stomach)
- Cold sweat
Can it be prevented?
You can adopt a healthy lifestyle to reduce your risk for heart disease:
- Don’t smoke
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Healthy diet
- Exercise regularly
- Preventive health check-ups
- Positive attitude and sense of balance
How is it treated?
Mainstay of treatment for CAD is life-style modification (as described above) and medicines. A patient may require cardiac procedures like coronary stenting and bypass surgery.